Why should you donate organs?
After death, your organs can provide a second life to persons with failing organs, but whose blood and tissue match with yours. Many recipients can return to a normal lifestyle after transplantation. The list of people waiting for organs is growing all the time. For instance, over 1.5 lakh people need a kidney but only about 3,000 of them receive one. Unfortunately, vast majority of persons on waiting lists die without getting an organ.
How do you register to donate organs?
Practically everyone can donate organs, except for those suffering from cancer, HIV, infection and intravenous drug users. Those who register to donate organs will be issued a ‘Donor Card’, but despite that family's consent is needed after death. Hence it is necessary that the donor keeps his or her family in loop so that there is no objection from family after death. Alternately, even if there is no 'Donor Card' the family on their own can approve the donation.
What organs can be donated by a living person?
Bone Marrow, Kidney (one), portion of Liver, portion of Lung and portion of Pancreas can be donated by a living person. Living person can be a family member or an emotionally related person like relative, friend, neighbour etc.
What organs can be donated after brain death?
Kidneys, Heart, Liver, Lungs, Pancreas and Small Intestine are the main organs that can be donated after brain death. Brain death occurs due to blunt head trauma from accidents, falls, crush injuries; thrombotic or hemorrhagic stroke etc. Constant supply of blood and oxygen to be artificially maintained until harvesting actually takes place.
What tissues can be donated after cardiac death?
Eyes (Corneas), Heart Valves and Skin are the main tissues that can be donated after cardiac death. Cardiac death occurs when heart has stops beating and no longer pumps blood. After cardiac death, only tissues can be donated for transplantation because tissues do not require a constant blood supply, unlike organs.