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Classifying India Cities Towns

India’s cities and towns are growing rapidly…

Attracted by better livelihood opportunities, people from rural areas have been migrating in droves to India’s cities and towns. This has resulted in urban India growing at a tremendous pace. The post-liberalisation boom in Indian economy has spawned a new affluent middle class and upper-middle class of professionals and skilled workforce. The large population as well as the higher spending power have made urban India a huge market for all kinds of products and services.

Classification of India’s cities and towns…

Based on population and economic criteria, India’s cities can be classified as metros and mini metros. Similarly, towns are categorized in 4 tiers i.e. tier 1 to tier 4. We furnish below brief details of each category along with examples of cities and towns in that category. Each city or town category exhibits broadly distinct characteristics in terms of living conditions, cost of living, economic situation, cosmopolitanism, cultural outlook, lifestyle etc.

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A). Metros

They have populations in excess of 50 lakhs and are hubs of commerce and industry. Rich, middle class and poor are all present. Examples: Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, Kolkata, Chennai.

B) Mini Metros

Fast growing and will turn into metros over time. Relatively higher proportion of rich and middle class on account of professionals and skilled workforce. Examples: Ahmedabad, Pune, Hyderabad, Coimbatore, Chandigarh.

C) Tier 1 Towns

These have population of over 10 lakhs. 33 Tier 1 towns include Baroda, Patna, Jodhpur, Vizag, Indore, Bhopal, Jaipur, Lucknow, Kanpur, Allahabad, Surat.

D) Tier 2 Towns

These have populations off above 6 lakhs but below 10 lakhs. 28 Such towns include Mangalore, Raipur, Bhopal, Ranchi, Nashik, Bhubaneswar, Amritsar, Jalandhar, Trivandrum.

E) Tier 3 Towns

These have populations above 2 lakhs but below 6 lakhs. 152 Such towns include Siliguri, Vellore, Aizawl, Shimoga, Agartala, Sonepat.

F) Tier 4 Towns

These have one- to two-lakh populations. 210 Such towns include Wardha, Dibrugarh, Shimla.

G) Peri-Urban Towns

These are towns adjacent to cities or highways. Population under 1 lakh. 4600 Such peri-urban areas exist in India.

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